[高考练习][考点汇编][英语][词汇精选1]
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[高考练习][考点汇编][英语][词汇精选1]

 

     高考英语词汇精选(辨别)
餐馆场景:
order 点菜 serve 上菜
change 零钱 Keep the change! 不用找零钱了! Here it ur changetip 小费
treat 请客 (This is my treat! 我请客!It’s on me )go Dutch AA制 (Let’s go fifty fifty. )
steak 牛排 cheese奶酪 sandwich 三明治 bacon 腌肉 soup 汤 自来水(西餐中洗手用的) appetizer 开胃物 dessert甜品,水果(作为正餐的最后一道)    go out for dinner / dinner out 出去吃饭 eat out
snack bar 小吃街;大排挡 hamburger 汉堡包 coke 可口可乐 French fries 炸薯条 dining hall ;coffee shop ;restaurant ;cafeteria ;canteen; buffet 自助餐
(2)邮局场景:
  stamp envelope package / parcel 包裹 overweight 超重 extra postage 额外邮资 send / post / deliver a letter / mail 寄 /发信 delivery express mail 快件 EMS airmail 航空信件 surface mail 陆地邮寄open an account 开一个帐户
  (3)图书馆场景:library card; borrow; lend; keep; renew; bookshelf; novel; science fiction科幻小说;magazine; periodical期刊; reference book; librarian 图书管理员 pay a fine 交罚款 Can I help you? / What can I do for you?
  (4)医院及健康场景:
aspirin 阿司匹林 emergence department 急诊室 emergent treatment 治疗手段 take one’s temperature / blood pressure 测量体温/血压
medicine: pills / tablets药丸/药片 heart attack 心脏病 cold / flu 流感:have/catch a cold; pain; headache; stomach-ache; backache; sore-throat喉咙痛 cough; fever。What’s up? (多用于男生之间)How is it going? How are you? 回答:I’m fine. / I feel good/terrific. / I couldn’t be better. / Nothing is very wrong with me. 好。 I am not feeling good. / I feel terrible/horrible/awful. / I am not myself these days. 不好。 (注意听语气:身体好的时候,语调上扬,语气非常欢快; 身体不好的时候,降调,语气非常郁闷。)
  (5)电话场景:
  operator 接线员 Extension six two two six, please. 请转6226。 The line is bad/ busy / engaged. It kept a busy line. 电话占线。long distance call 长途电话 collect call 对方付费的电话 put through 接通电话 hold on / up Hold the line, please. Hello! This is …speaking. Who’s speaking? / who is this? call/ telephone/ ring/ phone sb. ;give sb. a call/ ring I’ll call back later / again. I’ll ring him / her up again. I couldn’t get through. Sorry, I’m afraid you have the wrong number.
(6)酒店场景:
  make a reservation 预定房间 reception desk 接待处 check in 入住 check out 结帐 single room 单间 suite套间 Do you have a reservation Sir? Have you got any vacant room? (= Is there any room available here?)有空房间吗?All the room are occupied. 房间已满。Can I have a suite please? How much do you charge for that? Smoking or no smoking? Meals included. 包括饮食。Can I show you your room? / Can I carry your luggage?
  (7)超速场景:
  speeding May I see your license, please? You will be fined by $20.
  (8)购物场景:
  store 杂货店 department store 百货商场 shopping center 购物中心 商品信息:size; color; style; price What color/size/kind do you want? 商品论贵贱expensive, cheap 价格论高低high, low bargain便宜货 popular / fashionable 流行的 in fashion 流行,时尚 out of fashion 过时的 brand 品牌 counter 柜台 pay in cash 用现金支付 pay in check 用支票支付 credit card 信用卡 shop assistant 商店营业员 out of stock 脱销/缺货 in stock 有货
  (9)天气场景:
  cloudy 阴天 overcast 多云 thunder 打雷 strong/ high wind 大风 tornado 龙卷风 typhoon 台风 storm 风暴 blizzard暴风雨 It rains cats and dogs.(=The rain is pouring.)下着倾盆大雨。downpour倾盆大雨 shower 阵雨 clear up 天空放晴 put away clothes 下雨收衣服 weather in London / Seattle 意指不好的天气 weather in California 意指好天气 经常和天气相联系的情况:vacation 和 flight(航班) (be delayed/cancelled by the bad weather)
  (10)机场场景:
flight 航班 Welcome on board 欢迎登机 bound for…飞往……方向去的 check in 办理登机手续 behind schedule 晚点 take off 起飞land降落
历年高考完形填空常用词汇总结
动词类:
1“看”    look看的动作/ see看的结果; watch观察/observe为了研究进行的观察; Notice注意catch sight of看见/       stare好奇地看/ glare瞪着看
           Glance瞅见/glimpse瞥见       see a film watch TV
2“说” telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth告诉的内容   talk with sb about sth强调说话者之间的交流   Say sth诉说的内容 speak in English说的语言 whisper sth to sb 耳语        Inform sb of sth 通知某人某事 reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 Bargain讨价还价   chat聊天   repeat重复 explain解释 warn警告 remind提醒 Discuss 讨论debate辩论 figure 指出declare宣布 claim自称 mention 提起 admit 承认deny 否绝 describe描述 announce 公布 introduce 介绍complain抱怨
3“叫” cry哭叫 call叫 shout大喊 scream尖叫 moan呻吟 sigh叹气 quarrel大吵 
4“问” ask 询问 interview 采访 express表达 question审问
5“答” answer回答 respond回应(用其他方式回应) reply回复 
6 “听” listen to听的动作 hear听的结果 pick up收听 overhear无意听到
7“写” dictate听写 write sth 写 describe描写 drop a line 写信 draw画 
take down/write down写下,记下
8“拿/放” take拿走 bring拿来 hold举着 carry扛,挑 (无方向性) fetch拿来拿去 lift举  Put放 lay 铺/放置  pull拉/push推
9“抓”   take hold of 抓着 seize紧抓 grasp 握住 scratch 抠
10“打” hit一次性的打击 beat不间断的打击 strike突然的击打/突然想到 blow吹刮 
attack攻击 
11“扔” throw扔 drop掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake摇
12“送” send寄送 deliver递送 give给 offer 主动给予 see off给某人送行
13“摸/抱” touch摸 /fold折叠   /embrace拥抱 / hug抱/hold 握    in one’s arms
14“踢/碰” kick踢/knock敲/ tip 轻敲
15“行” walk run climb jump skip 单腿跳 slip溜 come/go enter进入 move搬迁 drive开车 ride 骑fly    crawl 匍匐前进
16“坐” sit down be seated seat oneself take a seat/ stand站,耸立/ lean斜靠
17“睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach stay in bed have a rest      take a nap打盹 be asleep bend turn over翻身 rest
18“笑” smile 微笑(不出声)  laugh burst into laughter burst out laughing  
19“哭” cry shed tears 留泪 weep呜咽地哭 sob抽泣 burst into tears /burst out crying
20“找/查” find找到 look for正在找过程 find out查明 discover/explore 发现/探索
 hunt for search for seek / seek for     in search of寻找   Search sb 搜身   search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地
        Check检查,核实 examine 考察发现问题/体检 test检测,检验 inspect视察
21“穿”   put on 动作 wear穿戴 have on试穿 be dressed in 穿的状态 make-up化装
get changed换衣服 be in red    Take off 脱 remove 去除
22“吃/喝” eat/drink sip吮吸 have a meal have supper toast taste
 treat sb to请某人吃    help oneself to 随便吃
23“得” get obtain acquire获得知识和技能 gain possess
24“失” lose 丢了 be lost /be missing人错过失踪,不见 gone不见(物)   great loss   die   die off相继死去   die away 逐渐消失
25“有” have   有 own是自己的 conquer征服 occupy占有=possess   
26“无” nothing left    the remaining thing    disappear   be missing /gone
27“增/减”   rise / go up /drop                  
人主动抬价  raise /bring down /reduce increase/decrease
28“买/卖” buy purchase afford pay   pay off pay for sell on sale bargain
        Bill /   cheque /   cash/ credit card notes/ coins discounts
29“存在/消失”come into being exist appear survive   live show turn up
               Disappear die   die out   pass away be out of sight
30“变化” develop improve become grow   go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without( negative adj.) turn + colour change /change into    reform
31“认识的过程”feel sense guess suppose wonder doubt know /learn realize
Understand   remember   be familiar with   recall recite apply to
32“成功/失败”make it succeed make progress come true realize one’s dream win
             Lose   fail to do   failure defeat suffer loss beat turn sth. Into reality
33“努力” try /manage make efforts attempt do ones best do as much as one can to do
34祝贺 congratulations on sb celebrate observe 庆祝 get together 聚会
35赞美/批评 praise think highly of /   blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame   
criticize /scold sb. for sth.   have a low opinion of sb     Speak ill of
36喜/恶 like love be fond of be keen on be crazy about adore be into prefer enjoy in favor of    Dislike   hate be awful/disgusting    ignore turn off
37判断 think believe consider find feel conclude infer doubt
38到达 arrive at   reach   return to   get to   stay in sp   visit   leave  leave for 
on one’s way to   upon one’s arrival on doing sth
39受伤 hurt injured wound cut kill drown bleed get burnt suffer from
suffer a loss
40损坏 damage destroy ruin break down   be broken crash
41修复 repair rebuild restore fix    recover oneself
42支持/反对 agree disagree accept receive   refuse turn down
 be against elect   vote for/ against
43 做饭 cook wash cut chop boil fry steam make mix clean brush cover uncover cooker
44 建议 advise suggest recommend urge propose demand      persuade 说服
45 花费 sth/doing sth+cost   sb+spend+ in doing sth   Sb+afford +n/to do sth 
It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth    sb+ pay+$ for sth. at one’s expense
46 省/存钱 save /save up set aside put  away   spare no effort/ time 
47 参加 take part in    join /join in    attend compete in/ for/against
48控告 accuse sb. of     charge sb. With  
49 救治 help /help out   save /rescue sb from sth. Treat过程 / cure 结果sb. Of sth
      Aid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth
50敬佩 admire respect show respect for/to adore envy /be jealousy in honor of
51逃避   ran away   escape from   flee hide
52 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. From doing sth   forbid doing sth. Ban prohibit
53 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth    solve settle
54 效仿  copy imitate learn from learn
54 爆发/发生 come about happen to take place break out 
burst out go off explosion
55安装/装备     fasten fix set equip  
be armed with 用什么武装 be equipped with装备有
56 追求 pursuit ran after seek after chase catch up with赶上 keep up with跟上
57 想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as把什么看成 think about想起 consider 
think over仔细考虑 be concerned 担心 be  considerate  towards sb.
58 打算 plan / intend / design to do be going to do /be about to do /will do
59 似乎/好象  seem appear look like as if as though
60 开办/关闭 open start set up close/close up end close down
名词类“
1假期vacation holiday spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two days off
2旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go camping/picnicking/hiking
3职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess
           Assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher
           Conductor   tailor sailor inventor gardener guard
4餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn restaurant kitchen menu bill order tip fork and knife reserve /book table   Taste delicious salad dash vegetables fruit tray napkin
5诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature take medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache doctor physician  surgeon specialist patient
6车站/机场    airport on board miss the train/bus catch a train meet sb.
7身体部位 arm head hair brain waist back shoulder pulse wrist
8意志    will courage patience determination faith effort  confidence ambition energy
9才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud
          Strict honest cold serious easy-going learned  knowledgeable
10优缺点 advantage  disadvantage  strength  weakness
11目标   aim  goal  intention  purpose  belief  faith
12方式 means method way manner approach
13身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill  be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on weight 
14图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph  pie chart draw a sketch 划草图
15文章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction  article magazine newspaper journal 日志 diary日记 Files   form make a list of
16课堂class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree
       Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment  marks
17 学校活动 match  game  activity  hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony
18建议/观点 advice  suggestion  idea  proposal  view recommandation
19气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth 
20交通  by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a bike 
 give sb. a lift/ride
21习惯 habit custom get used to regular有规律的(形容词) practice惯例(名词)
22感觉  sight hearing  touch  smell sense
23情感 feeling emotion  anger   delight  sadness  sorrow
24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond  be rich/well-off
25 运动比赛 on the playground   on the track and filed pitch event game match sports player   Coach judge jogging  weightlifting play volleyball/soccer/
26衣服  clothes, cloth, clothing clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of
27事件  incident, accident  incident指小事件, accident指不幸的事故
形容词类
1人的各种感受
 乐happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused
悲 sad unhappy painful bitter
平静 calm quiet silent/still peaceful
烦bother bored be fed up with 
震惊 surprised astonished shocked /amazed 
怕 in fear be frightened /scared /afraid
失望desperate disappointed hopeless  be depressed
满意be satisfied with /be content to do 
生气 Annoyed angry disgusting burst into rage
2 表程度的副词类
 narrowly/ Nearly/ almost    hardly/ hard   extremely/ very   very/ quite
 Accidently/ once in a while   occasionaly/ once    far / by far
 Farther/ further   better/ worse be well/ good however/ therefore/so/thus
….
 
 
易考的近义词组
Run/ manage        grow/ plant     leave/remain   fit/ suit/ match   Hit/ beat/strike      meet/ satisfy    touch /feel     play /performer   Contain/ hold /seat/ fill   lie/sit/locate   help/work/ do
Fall/ sink/ drop       matter/ problem /trouble/    money/ account   Cause/ reason    
 that’s why/ that’s because   because/ since,as/ for    Last/ continue      keep/ stay/  
treat/ cure/ operate   separate/ divide      Stand/ bear/tolerate/hold     turn/become/go change/vary/range
Provide/supply/offer/ give/send   
                                      
2007江苏
Because we were new and really needed the work, we were  42  to try harder.
42. A. able        B. nervous          C. afraid              D. willing
。。Our  47  challenge was to keep the rock mixture  48  enough. All the available water wagons (洒水车) were rented out for the airport construction, and we certainly couldn’t afford to buy a new one. 49 , I got a special  50( permit )  to rent fire engine hoses (消防水龙带) and connect them to nearby hydrants (消防栓),
47. A. next      B. first    C. past    D. previous
48. A. cold         B. wet         C. loose          D. clean
49. A. Naturally      B. Obviously    C. Meanwhile      D. Instead
。。。then I  51  held one of those hoses to  52( water )  down the rock……National Car Rental was the 54  company that had cars on the parking lot.
51. A. exactly       B. personally    C. angrily         D. hardly
54. A. best          B. last          C. second                D. only
 
2007年湖南卷 
You can do it,” said my mother, “  39  , you won’t get much business until lunch.”
39. A. therefore   B. however    C. besides   D. yet
When I got to the bar the next day, I found my mother was   44  . Because the weather that day was rainy and cold, people wanted hot snacks and drinks.   45  , I was really slow at taking the orders and making change. The line of people grew, and everybody seemed   46  ,
44.A.  angry             B.  sad          C.   worried       D.  ashamed
45. A. At least          B. At last        C. At most          D. At first
46. A. surprised        B. impolite       C. pleased           D. impatient
  50   quarters and a dollar and said, “75 cents makes four dollars, plus one dollar makes five.” Things went more   51   after that.
51. A. smoothly          B. fairly          C. simply         D. conveniently
 
本卷制作也堪称大家之作。
42.选A还不能充分表现主观决心和意志力。而willing 表现的是人的决心,而不强调能力。
47.是通过上文的信息推断出的,已知信息不是直接在字面上,而是在文字的背后。
48.空的已知信息在紧接的句子中。
49.的依据也体现完形的典型特点。通过上文,找到语感上的承接。
51 、54空设题体现完形选材的特点,就是文章在表现什么精神,弘扬什么道理,如果没有
东西,完形育人感人警示人的功能就不能实现。同时也体完形叙事文体具有典型的戏剧性的特征。
湖南在史上也是高考大省,他们一年一度的智慧再现是人们不倦的期待。本文旨在通过一个典型实例赞美一位有良好教育方法的母亲。是母亲的耐心,爱心和智慧改变了缺乏自信的孩子,是母亲创造的机会,让孩子了解自己的潜能和对事业的信心。如果对这一点没有基本的判断,考生对完形的选材可以说没有进行研究行学习,当然也许我们教学方面还有待进一步提高。在抓住完形选材的特点后,许多看似迷离的选项,其实答案必然有道可循。
44.worried 一词表现出母亲的事业心和责任心。
45.At first 这一副词性词组,体现规范写作的常用手段,完形一般不用意识流的材料。
46.impatient 服务于情节的戏剧性效果。
51.smoothly 更是实现了情节发展的戏剧性结果,烘托了母亲对事态的扭转,对孩子的感染和鼓励的显著效果。
 
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